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"When I was a boy of fourteen, I was ashamed of my father's ignorance. But when I got to be twenty-one, I was astonished at how much he had learned in seven years."
-Mark Twain
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The Teen Years
"They enter as children and leave as adults."

Adolescence is a time of growing from childhood to adulthood. It presents challenges and opportunities for growth and maturity. As one carries the virtues and habits from childhood one develops physicially and cognitively so that new virtues can be developed and the capacity for abstract thought shows itself.

The first of the teen years are concerned with temperance and avoiding wrong action. Thus puberty and chastity, respect, modesty and moderation come to the fore. A sense of intimacy awakens in the adolescent at the same time that they come to withdraw into themselves and enjoy isolation. The influence of ideologies became a major concern for parents at this time as well as the friendships and peer pressure and the young person seeks to belong and find themselves. The generation gap and issues of trust in the family show themselves. Learning sociability and the meaning of friendship is a significant challenge.

There is also a shift in the educational style of parents and they move from a directive/command model to a Socratic style. That is, as the child reaches 15 their abstract thought arises. That is when they become brilliant and parents become "not very brilliant." It is here where the intellectual virtues can be acquired and here the danger is not simply wrong action but wrong thought. Thus, the challenge is for the parent to extend the reasoning of the young person in their decisions. That is why the Socratic style which asks questions to make the young person think things out is so helpful during this time.